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Cron expression reference

Monitors can run at a variety of fixed intervals (e.g. hourly, daily, etc.), but you can also define custom cron expressions for when they should run. Monitors use the Unix cron syntax and support five fields:

Field Valid values
Minute 0-59
Hour 0-23
Day of month 1-31
Month 1-12
Day of week 0-7 (0 and 7 are both Sunday) or SUN, MON, TUE, WED, THU, FRI, SAT

For example, the following expression translates to “every Monday through Friday at 11:30 AM”:

30 11 * * 1-5


Feature Description
* Wildcard. Specifies all valid values.
, List. Use to specify several values (e.g. 1,15,30).
- Range. Use to specify a range of values (e.g. 1-15).
/ Step. Use after a wildcard or range to specify the “step” between values. For example, 0-11/2 is equivalent to 0,2,4,6,8,10.

Note that you can specify the day using two fields: day of month and day of week. For most situations, we recommend that you use just one of these fields and leave the other as *.

If you use a non-wildcard value in both fields, the monitor runs when either field matches the time. For example, 15 2 1,15 * 1 causes the monitor to run at 2:15 AM on the 1st of the month, the 15th of the month, and every Monday.

Sample expressions

Every other day at 1:45 PM:

45 13 1-31/2 * *

Every 10 minutes on Saturday and Sunday:

0/10 * * * 6-7

Every three hours on the first day of every other month:

0 0-23/3 1 1-12/2 *


For an example of how to use a custom cron expression in an API call, see the create monitor API operation.

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