Link Search Menu Expand Document Documentation Menu

Register or update snapshot repository

Registers a new repository to store snapshots, or updates information for an existing repository. Repositories can be of two types:

  • File system (fs)

  • Amazon S3 bucket (s3)

To learn more about repositories, see Register repository.

Path parameters

Parameter Data Type Description
repository String Repostory name.

Request fields

Allowable parameters depend on the repository type.

fs repository type

Setting Description
location The shared file system for snapshots. Required.
chunk_size Breaks large files into chunks during snapshot operations (e.g. 64mb, 1gb), which is important for cloud storage providers and far less important for shared file systems. Default is null (unlimited). Optional.
compress Whether to compress metadata files. This setting does not affect data files, which might already be compressed, depending on your index settings. Default is false. Optional.
max_restore_bytes_per_sec The maximum rate at which snapshots restore. Default is 40 MB per second (40m). Optional.
max_snapshot_bytes_per_sec The maximum rate at which snapshots take. Default is 40 MB per second (40m). Optional.
readonly Whether the repository is read-only. Useful when migrating from one cluster ("readonly": false when registering) to another cluster ("readonly": true when registering). Optional.

s3 repository type

Setting Description
base_path The path within the bucket where you want to store snapshots (e.g. my/snapshot/directory). Optional. If not specified, snapshots are stored in the bucket root.
bucket Name of the S3 bucket. Required.
buffer_size The threshold beyond which chunks (of chunk_size) should be broken into pieces (of buffer_size) and sent to S3 using a different API. Default is the smaller of two values: 100 MB or 5% of the Java heap. Valid values are between 5mb and 5gb. We don’t recommend changing this option.
canned_acl S3 has several canned ACLs that the repository-s3 plugin can add to objects as it creates them in S3. Default is private. Optional.
chunk_size Breaks files into chunks during snapshot operations (e.g. 64mb, 1gb), which is important for cloud storage providers and far less important for shared file systems. Default is 1gb. Optional.
client When specifying client settings (e.g. s3.client.default.access_key), you can use a string other than default (e.g. s3.client.backup-role.access_key). If you used an alternate name, change this value to match. Default and recommended value is default. Optional.
compress Whether to compress metadata files. This setting does not affect data files, which might already be compressed, depending on your index settings. Default is false. Optional.
max_restore_bytes_per_sec The maximum rate at which snapshots restore. Default is 40 MB per second (40m). Optional.
max_snapshot_bytes_per_sec The maximum rate at which snapshots take. Default is 40 MB per second (40m). Optional.
readonly Whether the repository is read-only. Useful when migrating from one cluster ("readonly": false when registering) to another cluster ("readonly": true when registering). Optional.
server_side_encryption Whether to encrypt snapshot files in the S3 bucket. This setting uses AES-256 with S3-managed keys. See Protecting data using server-side encryption. Default is false. Optional.
storage_class Specifies the S3 storage class for the snapshots files. Default is standard. Do not use the glacier and deep_archive storage classes. Optional.

Sample request

The following requests register or update a repository called my-first-repo. Both require a request body as described in Request fields.

  • POST _snapshot/my-first-repo/ registers a snapshot repository.

  • PUT _snapshot/my-first-repo/ registers a snapshot repository if it does not exist; otherwise, updates information about the repository.

The following request registers a new S3 repository called my-opensearch-repo in an existing bucket called my-open-search-bucket. By default, all snapshots are stored in the my/snapshot/directory.

PUT _snapshot/my-opensearch-repo
{
  "type": "s3",
  "settings": {
    "bucket": "my-open-search-bucket",
    "base_path": "my/snapshot/directory"
  }
}

Sample response

Upon success, the following JSON object is returned:

{
  "acknowledged": true
}

To verify that the repository was registered, use the Get snapshot repository API, passing the repository name as the repository path parameter.