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Using Snapshot Management in OpenSearch Dashboards

You can set up Snapshot Management (SM) in OpenSearch Dashboards.

Create a repository

Before you create an SM policy, you need to set up a repository for snapshots.

  1. On the top menu bar, go to OpenSearch Plugins > Snapshot Management.
  2. In the left panel, under Snapshot Management, select Repositories.
  3. Select the Create Repository button.
  4. Enter the repository name, type, and location.
  5. (Optional) Select Advanced Settings and enter additional settings for this repository as a JSON object. Example:
    {
     "chunk_size": null,
     "compress": false,
     "max_restore_bytes_per_sec": "40m",
     "max_snapshot_bytes_per_sec": "40m",
     "readonly": false
    }
    
  6. Select the Add button.

Create an SM policy

Create an SM policy to set up automatic snapshots. An SM policy defines an automated snapshot creation schedule and an optional automated deletion schedule.

  1. On the top menu bar, go to OpenSearch Plugins > Snapshot Management.
  2. In the left panel, under Snapshot Management, select Snapshot Policies.
  3. Select the Create Policy button.
  4. In the Policy settings section:
    1. Enter the policy name.
    2. (Optional) Enter the policy description.
  5. In the Source and destination section:
    1. Select or enter source indexes either as a list or as an index pattern.
    2. Select a repository for snapshots. To create a new repository, select the Create button.
  6. In the Snapshot schedule section:
    1. Select the desired snapshot frequency or enter a custom cron expression for snapshot frequency.
    2. Select the start time and time zone.
  7. In the Retention period section:
    1. Choose to retain all snapshots or specify retention conditions (the maximum age of retained snapshots).
    2. (Optional) In Additional settings, select the minimum and maximum number of retained snapshots, deletion frequency, and deletion start time.
  8. In the Notifications section, select the snapshot activities you want to be notified about.
  9. (Optional) In the Advanced settings section, select the desired options:
    • Include cluster state in snapshots
    • Ignore unavailable indices
    • Allow partial snapshots
  10. Select the Create button.

View, edit, or delete an SM policy

You can view, edit, or delete an SM policy on the policy details page.

  1. On the top menu bar, go to OpenSearch Plugins > Snapshot Management.
  2. In the left panel, under Snapshot Management, select Snapshot Policies.
  3. Click on the Policy name of the policy you want to view, edit, or delete.
    The policy settings, snapshot schedule, snapshot retention period, notifications, and last creation and deletion are displayed in the policy details page.
    If a snapshot creation or deletion fails, you can view information about the failure in the Last Creation/Deletion section. To view the failure message, click on the cause in the Info column.
  4. To edit or delete the SM policy, select the Edit or Delete button.

Enable, disable, or delete SM policies

  1. On the top menu bar, go to OpenSearch Plugins > Snapshot Management.
  2. In the left panel, under Snapshot Management, select Snapshot Policies.
  3. Select one or more policies in the list.
  4. To enable or disable selected SM policies, select the Enable or Disable button. To delete selected SM policies, in the Actions list, select the Delete option.

View snapshots

  1. On the top menu bar, go to OpenSearch Plugins > Snapshot Management.
  2. In the left panel, under Snapshot Management, select Snapshots. All automatically or manually taken snapshots appear in the list.
  3. To view a snapshot, click on its Name.

Take a snapshot

Use the steps below to take a snapshot manually:

  1. On the top menu bar, go to OpenSearch Plugins > Snapshot Management.
  2. In the left panel, under Snapshot Management, select Snapshots.
  3. Select the Take snapshot button.
  4. Enter the snapshot name.
  5. Select or enter source indexes either as a list or as an index pattern.
  6. Select a repository for the snapshot.
  7. (Optional) In the Advanced options section, select the desired options:
    • Include cluster state in snapshots
    • Ignore unavailable indices
    • Allow partial snapshots
  8. Select the Add button.

Restore a snapshot

  1. On the top menu bar, go to OpenSearch Plugins > Snapshot Management.
  2. In the left panel, under Snapshot Management, select Snapshots. The Snapshots tab is selected by default.
  3. Select the checkbox next to the snapshot you want to restore, as shown in the following image: Snapshots

    You can only restore snapshots with the status of Success or Partial. The status of the snapshot is displayed in the Snapshot status column.

  4. In the Restore snapshot flyout, select the options for restoring the snapshot.

    The Restore snapshot flyout lists the snapshot name and status. To view the list of indexes in the snapshot, select the number under Indices (for example, 27 in the following image). This number represents the number of indexes in the snapshot.

    Restore Snapshot

    For more information about the options in the Restore snapshot flyout, see Restore snapshots.

    Ignoring missing indexes

    If you specify which indexes you want to restore from the snapshot and select the Ignore unavailable indices option, the restore operation ignores the indexes that are missing from the snapshot. For example, if you want to restore the log1 and log2 indexes, but log2 is not in the snapshot, log1 is restored and log2 is ignored. If you don’t select Ignore unavailable indices, the entire restore operation fails if an index to be restored is missing from a snapshot.

    Custom index settings

    You can choose to customize some settings for the indexes restored from a snapshot:
     • Select the Customize index settings checkbox to provide new values for the specified index settings. All newly restored indexes will use these values instead of the ones in the snapshot.
     • Select the Ignore index settings checkbox to specify the settings in the snapshot to ignore. All newly restored indexes will use the cluster defaults for these settings.

    The examples in the following image set index.number_of_replicas to 0, index.auto_expand_replicas to true, and index.refresh_interval and index.max_script_fields to the cluster default values for all newly restored indexes.

    Custom settings

    For more information about index settings, see Index settings.

    For a list of settings that you cannot change or ignore, see Restore snapshots.

    After choosing the options, select the Restore snapshot button.

  5. (Optional) To monitor the restore progress, select View restore activities in the confirmation dialog. You can also monitor the restore progress at any time by selecting the Restore activities in progress tab, as shown in the following image.

    Restore Activities

    You can view the percentage of the job that has been completed in the Status column. Once the snapshot restore is complete, the Status changes to Completed (100%).

    The Restore activities in progress panel is not persistent. It displays only the progress of the current restore operation. If multiple restore operations are running, the panel displays the most recent one.

    To view the status of each index being restored, select the link in the Indices being restored column (in the preceding image, the 27 Indices link). The Indices being restored flyout (shown in the following image) displays each index and its restore status.

    Restore Indices

After the restore operation is complete, the restored indexes are listed in the Indices panel. To view the indexes, in the left panel, under Index Management, select Indices.

View Indices