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Tasks

A task is any operation you run in a cluster. For example, searching your data collection of books for a title or author name is a task. When you run OpenSearch, a task is automatically created to monitor your cluster’s health and performance. For more information about all of the tasks currently executing in your cluster, you can use the tasks API operation.

The following request returns information about all of your tasks:

GET _tasks

By including a task ID, you can get information specific to a particular task. Note that a task ID consists of a node’s identifying string and the task’s numerical ID. For example, if your node’s identifying string is nodestring and the task’s numerical ID is 1234, then your task ID is nodestring:1234. You can find this information by running the tasks operation:

GET _tasks/<task_id>

Note that if a task finishes running, it won’t be returned as part of your request. For an example of a task that takes a little longer to finish, you can run the _reindex API operation on a larger document, and then run tasks.

Sample Response

{
  "nodes": {
    "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ": {
      "name": "opensearch-node1",
      "transport_address": "172.18.0.3:9300",
      "host": "172.18.0.3",
      "ip": "172.18.0.3:9300",
      "roles": [
        "data",
        "ingest",
        "master",
        "remote_cluster_client"
      ],
      "tasks": {
        "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ:17416": {
          "node": "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ",
          "id": 17416,
          "type": "transport",
          "action": "cluster:monitor/tasks/lists",
          "start_time_in_millis": 1613599752458,
          "running_time_in_nanos": 994000,
          "cancellable": false,
          "headers": {}
        },
        "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ:17413": {
          "node": "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ",
          "id": 17413,
          "type": "transport",
          "action": "indices:data/write/bulk",
          "start_time_in_millis": 1613599752286,
          "running_time_in_nanos": 172846500,
          "cancellable": false,
          "parent_task_id": "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ:17366",
          "headers": {}
        },
        "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ:17366": {
          "node": "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ",
          "id": 17366,
          "type": "transport",
          "action": "indices:data/write/reindex",
          "start_time_in_millis": 1613599750929,
          "running_time_in_nanos": 1529733100,
          "cancellable": true,
          "headers": {}
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

You can also use the following parameters with your query.

Parameter Data type Description
nodes List A comma-separated list of node IDs or names to limit the returned information. Use _local to return information from the node you’re connecting to, specify the node name to get information from specific nodes, or keep the parameter empty to get information from all nodes.
actions List A comma-separated list of actions that should be returned. Keep empty to return all.
detailed Boolean Returns detailed task information. (Default: false)
parent_task_id String Returns tasks with a specified parent task ID (node_id:task_number). Keep empty or set to -1 to return all.
wait_for_completion Boolean Waits for the matching tasks to complete. (Default: false)
group_by Enum Groups tasks by parent/child relationships or nodes. (Default: nodes)
timeout Time An explicit operation timeout. (Default: 30 seconds)
master_timeout Time The time to wait for a connection to the primary node. (Default: 30 seconds)

For example, this request returns tasks currently running on a node named opensearch-node1:

Sample Request

GET /_tasks?nodes=opensearch-node1

Sample Response

{
  "nodes": {
    "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ": {
      "name": "opensearch-node1",
      "transport_address": "sample_address",
      "host": "sample_host",
      "ip": "sample_ip",
      "roles": [
        "data",
        "ingest",
        "master",
        "remote_cluster_client"
      ],
      "tasks": {
        "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ:24578": {
          "node": "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ",
          "id": 24578,
          "type": "transport",
          "action": "cluster:monitor/tasks/lists",
          "start_time_in_millis": 1611612517044,
          "running_time_in_nanos": 638700,
          "cancellable": false,
          "headers": {}
        },
        "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ:24579": {
          "node": "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ",
          "id": 24579,
          "type": "direct",
          "action": "cluster:monitor/tasks/lists[n]",
          "start_time_in_millis": 1611612517044,
          "running_time_in_nanos": 222200,
          "cancellable": false,
          "parent_task_id": "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ:24578",
          "headers": {}
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Task canceling

After getting a list of tasks, you can cancel all cancelable tasks with the following request:

POST _tasks/_cancel

Note that not all tasks are cancelable. To see if a task is cancelable, refer to the cancellable field in the response to your tasks API request.

You can also cancel a task by including a specific task ID.

POST _tasks/<task_id>/_cancel

The cancel operation supports the same parameters as the tasks operation. The following example shows how to cancel all cancelable tasks on multiple nodes.

POST _tasks/_cancel?nodes=opensearch-node1,opensearch-node2

Attaching headers to tasks

To associate requests with tasks for better tracking, you can provide a X-Opaque-Id:<ID_number> header as part of the HTTPS request reader of your curl command. The API will attach the specified header in the returned result.

Usage:

curl -i -H "X-Opaque-Id: 111111" "https://localhost:9200/_tasks" -u 'admin:admin' --insecure

The _tasks operation returns the following result.

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
X-Opaque-Id: 111111
content-type: application/json; charset=UTF-8
content-length: 768

{
  "nodes": {
    "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ": {
      "name": "opensearch-node1",
      "transport_address": "172.18.0.4:9300",
      "host": "172.18.0.4",
      "ip": "172.18.0.4:9300",
      "roles": [
        "data",
        "ingest",
        "master",
        "remote_cluster_client"
      ],
      "tasks": {
        "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ:30072": {
          "node": "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ",
          "id": 30072,
          "type": "direct",
          "action": "cluster:monitor/tasks/lists[n]",
          "start_time_in_millis": 1613166701725,
          "running_time_in_nanos": 245400,
          "cancellable": false,
          "parent_task_id": "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ:30071",
          "headers": {
            "X-Opaque-Id": "111111"
          }
        },
        "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ:30071": {
          "node": "Mgqdm0r9SEGClWxp_RbnaQ",
          "id": 30071,
          "type": "transport",
          "action": "cluster:monitor/tasks/lists",
          "start_time_in_millis": 1613166701725,
          "running_time_in_nanos": 658200,
          "cancellable": false,
          "headers": {
            "X-Opaque-Id": "111111"
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

This operation supports the same parameters as the tasks operation. The following example shows how you can associate X-Opaque-Id with specific tasks:

curl -i -H "X-Opaque-Id: 123456" "https://localhost:9200/_tasks?nodes=opensearch-node1" -u 'admin:admin' --insecure