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OpenSearch Java high-level REST client

The OpenSearch Java high-level REST client allows you to interact with your OpenSearch clusters and indices through Java methods and data structures rather than HTTP methods and JSON.

You submit requests to your cluster using request objects, which allows you to create indices, add data to documents, or complete other operations with your cluster. In return, you get back response objects that have all of the available information, such as the associated index or ID, from your cluster.

Setup

To start using the OpenSearch Java high-level REST client, ensure that you have the following dependency in your project’s pom.xml file:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.opensearch.client</groupId>
  <artifactId>opensearch-rest-high-level-client</artifactId>
  <version>1.1.0</version>
</dependency>

You can now start your OpenSearch cluster. The OpenSearch 1.x high-level REST client works with the 1.x versions of OpenSearch.

Sample code

import org.apache.http.HttpHost;
import org.apache.http.auth.AuthScope;
import org.apache.http.auth.UsernamePasswordCredentials;
import org.apache.http.client.CredentialsProvider;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.BasicCredentialsProvider;
import org.apache.http.impl.nio.client.HttpAsyncClientBuilder;
import org.opensearch.action.admin.indices.delete.DeleteIndexRequest;
import org.opensearch.action.delete.DeleteRequest;
import org.opensearch.action.delete.DeleteResponse;
import org.opensearch.action.get.GetRequest;
import org.opensearch.action.get.GetResponse;
import org.opensearch.action.index.IndexRequest;
import org.opensearch.action.index.IndexResponse;
import org.opensearch.action.support.master.AcknowledgedResponse;
import org.opensearch.client.RequestOptions;
import org.opensearch.client.RestClient;
import org.opensearch.client.RestClientBuilder;
import org.opensearch.client.RestHighLevelClient;
import org.opensearch.client.indices.CreateIndexRequest;
import org.opensearch.client.indices.CreateIndexResponse;
import org.opensearch.common.settings.Settings;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;

public class RESTClientSample {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

    //Point to keystore with appropriate certificates for security.
    System.setProperty("javax.net.ssl.trustStore", "/full/path/to/keystore");
    System.setProperty("javax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword", "password-to-keystore");

    //Establish credentials to use basic authentication.
    //Only for demo purposes. Do not specify your credentials in code.
    final CredentialsProvider credentialsProvider = new BasicCredentialsProvider();

    credentialsProvider.setCredentials(AuthScope.ANY,
      new UsernamePasswordCredentials("admin", "admin"));

    //Create a client.
    RestClientBuilder builder = RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost", 9200, "https"))
      .setHttpClientConfigCallback(new RestClientBuilder.HttpClientConfigCallback() {
        @Override
        public HttpAsyncClientBuilder customizeHttpClient(HttpAsyncClientBuilder httpClientBuilder) {
          return httpClientBuilder.setDefaultCredentialsProvider(credentialsProvider);
            }
          });
    RestHighLevelClient client = new RestHighLevelClient(builder);

    //Create a non-default index with custom settings and mappings.
    CreateIndexRequest createIndexRequest = new CreateIndexRequest("custom-index");

    createIndexRequest.settings(Settings.builder() //Specify in the settings how many shards you want in the index.
      .put("index.number_of_shards", 4)
      .put("index.number_of_replicas", 3)
      );
    //Create a set of maps for the index's mappings.
    HashMap<String, String> typeMapping = new HashMap<String,String>();
    typeMapping.put("type", "integer");
    HashMap<String, Object> ageMapping = new HashMap<String, Object>();
    ageMapping.put("age", typeMapping);
    HashMap<String, Object> mapping = new HashMap<String, Object>();
    mapping.put("properties", ageMapping);
    createIndexRequest.mapping(mapping);
    CreateIndexResponse createIndexResponse = client.indices().create(createIndexRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

    //Adding data to the index.
    IndexRequest request = new IndexRequest("custom-index"); //Add a document to the custom-index we created.
    request.id("1"); //Assign an ID to the document.

    HashMap<String, String> stringMapping = new HashMap<String, String>();
    stringMapping.put("message:", "Testing Java REST client");
    request.source(stringMapping); //Place your content into the index's source.
    IndexResponse indexResponse = client.index(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

    //Getting back the document
    GetRequest getRequest = new GetRequest("custom-index", "1");
    GetResponse response = client.get(getRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

    System.out.println(response.getSourceAsString());

    //Delete the document
    DeleteRequest deleteDocumentRequest = new DeleteRequest("custom-index", "1"); //Index name followed by the ID.
    DeleteResponse deleteResponse = client.delete(deleteDocumentRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

    //Delete the index
    DeleteIndexRequest deleteIndexRequest = new DeleteIndexRequest("custom-index"); //Index name.
    AcknowledgedResponse deleteIndexResponse = client.indices().delete(deleteIndexRequest, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

    client.close();
  }
}

Elasticsearch OSS Java high-level REST client

We recommend using the OpenSearch client to connect to OpenSearch clusters, but if you must use the Elasticsearch OSS Java high-level REST client, version 7.10.2 of the Elasticsearch OSS client also works with the 1.x versions of OpenSearch.

Migrating to the OpenSearch Java high-level REST client

Migrating from the Elasticsearch OSS client to the OpenSearch high-level REST client is as simple as changing your Maven dependency to one that references OpenSearch’s dependency.

Afterward, change all references of org.elasticsearch to org.opensearch, and you’re ready to start submitting requests to your OpenSearch cluster.