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You can use the Apache Kafka source (kafka) in Data Prepper to read records from one or more Kafka topics. These records hold events that your Data Prepper pipeline can ingest. The kafka source uses Kafka’s Consumer API to consume messages from the Kafka broker, which then creates Data Prepper events for further processing by the Data Prepper pipeline.


The following example shows the kafka source in a Data Prepper pipeline:

        - name: Topic1
          group_id: groupID1
        - name: Topic2
          group_id: groupID1


Use the following configuration options with the kafka source.

Option Required Type Description
bootstrap_servers Yes, when not using Amazon Managed Streaming for Apache Kafka (Amazon MSK) as a cluster. IP address The host or port for the initial connection to the Kafka cluster. You can configure multiple Kafka brokers by using the IP address or port number for each broker. When using Amazon MSK as your Kafka cluster, the bootstrap server information is obtained from MSK using the MSK Amazon Resource Name (ARN) provided in the configuration.
topics Yes JSON array The Kafka topics that the Data Prepper kafka source uses to read messages. You can configure up to 10 topics. For more information about topics configuration options, see Topics.
schema No JSON object The schema registry configuration. For more information, see Schema.
authentication No JSON object Set the authentication options for both the pipeline and Kafka. For more information, see Authentication.
encryption No JSON object The encryption configuration. For more information, see Encryption.
aws No JSON object The AWS configuration. For more information, see aws.
acknowledgments No Boolean If true, enables the kafka source to receive end-to-end acknowledgments when events are received by OpenSearch sinks. Default is false.
client_dns_lookup Yes, when a DNS alias is used. String Sets Kafka’s client.dns.lookup option. Default is default.


Use the following options in the topics array.

Option Required Type Description
name Yes String The name of each Kafka topic.
group_id Yes String Sets Kafka’s option.
workers No Integer The number of multithreaded consumers associated with each topic. Default is 2. The maximum value is 200.
serde_format No String Indicates the serialization and deserialization format of the messages in the topic. Default is plaintext.
auto_commit No Boolean When false, the consumer’s offset will not be periodically committed to Kafka in the background. Default is false.
commit_interval No Integer When auto_commit is set to true, sets how frequently, in seconds, the consumer offsets are auto-committed to Kafka through Kafka’s option. Default is 5s.
session_timeout No Integer The amount of time during which the source detects client failures when using Kafka’s group management features, which can be used to balance the data stream. Default is 45s.
auto_offset_reset No String Automatically resets the offset to an earlier or the latest offset through Kafka’s auto.offset.reset option. Default is latest.
thread_waiting_time No Integer The amount of time that threads wait for the preceding thread to complete its task and to signal the next thread. The Kafka consumer API poll timeout value is set to half of this setting. Default is 5s.
max_partition_fetch_bytes No Integer Sets the maximum limit in megabytes for max data returns from each partition through Kafka’s max.partition.fetch.bytes setting. Default is 1mb.
heart_beat_interval No Integer The expected amount of time between heartbeats to the consumer coordinator when using Kafka’s group management facilities through Kafka’s setting. Default is 5s.
fetch_max_wait No Integer The maximum amount of time during which the server blocks a fetch request when there isn’t sufficient data to satisfy the fetch_min_bytes requirement through Kafka’s setting. Default is 500ms.
fetch_max_bytes No Integer The maximum record size accepted by the broker through Kafka’s fetch.max.bytes setting. Default is 50mb.
fetch_min_bytes No Integer The minimum amount of data the server returns during a fetch request through Kafka’s setting. Default is 1b.
retry_backoff No Integer The amount of time to wait before attempting to retry a failed request to a given topic partition. Default is 10s.
max_poll_interval No Integer The maximum delay between invocations of a poll() when using group management through Kafka’s option. Default is 300s.
consumer_max_poll_records No Integer The maximum number of records returned in a single poll() call through Kafka’s max.poll.records setting. Default is 500.
key_mode No String Indicates how the key field of the Kafka message should be handled. The default setting is include_as_field, which includes the key in the kafka_key event. The include_as_metadata setting includes the key in the event’s metadata. The discard setting discards the key.


The following option is required inside the schema configuration.

Option Type Description
type String Sets the type of schema based on your registry, either the AWS Glue Schema Registry, aws_glue, or the Confluent Schema Registry, confluent. When using the aws_glue registry, set any AWS configuration options.

The following configuration options are only required when using a confluent registry.

Option Type Description
registry_url String Deserializes a record value from a bytearray into a string. Default is org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer.
version String Deserializes a record key from a bytearray into a string. Default is org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer.
schema_registry_api_key String The schema registry API key.
schema_registry_api_secret String The schema registry API secret.


The following option is required inside the authentication object.

Option Type Description
sasl JSON object The Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL) authentication configuration.


Use one of the following options when configuring SASL authentication.

Option Type Description
plaintext JSON object The PLAINTEXT authentication configuration.
aws_msk_iam String The Amazon MSK AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) configuration. If set to role, the sts_role_arm set in the aws configuration is used. Default is default.


The following options are required when using the SASL PLAINTEXT protocol.

Option Type Description
username String The username for the PLAINTEXT auth.
password String The password for the PLAINTEXT auth.


Use the following options when setting SSL encryption.

Option Required Type Description
type No String The encryption type. Use none to disable encryption. Default is ssl.
Insecure No Boolean A Boolean flag used to turn off SSL certificate verification. If set to true, certificate authority (CA) certificate verification is turned off and insecure HTTP requests are sent. Default is false.


Use the following options when setting up authentication for aws services.

Option Required Type Description
region No String The AWS Region to use for credentials. Defaults to standard SDK behavior to determine the Region.
sts_role_arn No String The AWS Security Token Service (AWS STS) role to assume for requests to Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) and Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3). Default is null, which will use the standard SDK behavior for credentials.
msk No JSON object The MSK configuration settings.


Use the following options inside the msk object.

Option Required Type Description
arn Yes String The MSK ARN to use.
broker_connection_type No String The type of connector to use with the MSK broker, either public, single_vpc, or multip_vpc. Default is single_vpc.  
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