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Segment replication backpressure

Segment replication backpressure is a shard-level rejection mechanism that dynamically rejects indexing requests as replica shards in your cluster fall behind primary shards. With segment replication backpressure, indexing requests are rejected when the percentage of stale shards in the replication group exceeds MAX_ALLOWED_STALE_SHARDS (50% by default). A replica is considered stale if it is behind the primary shard by the number of checkpoints that exceeds the MAX_INDEXING_CHECKPOINTS setting and its current replication lag is greater than the defined MAX_REPLICATION_TIME_SETTING field.

Replica shards are also monitored to determine whether the shards are stuck or lagging for an extended period of time. When replica shards are stuck or lagging for more than double the amount of time defined by the MAX_REPLICATION_TIME_SETTING field, the shards are removed and replaced with new replica shards.

Request fields

Segment replication backpressure is disabled by default. To enable it, set SEGMENT_REPLICATION_INDEXING_PRESSURE_ENABLED to true. You can update the following dynamic cluster settings using the cluster settings API endpoint.

Field Data type Description
SEGMENT_REPLICATION_INDEXING_PRESSURE_ENABLED Boolean Enables the segment replication backpressure mechanism. Default is false.
MAX_REPLICATION_TIME_SETTING Time unit The maximum amount of time that a replica shard can take to copy from the primary shard. Once MAX_REPLICATION_TIME_SETTING is breached along with MAX_INDEXING_CHECKPOINTS, the segment replication backpressure mechanism is initiated. Default is 5 minutes.
MAX_INDEXING_CHECKPOINTS Integer The maximum number of indexing checkpoints that a replica shard can fall behind when copying from primary. Once MAX_INDEXING_CHECKPOINTS is breached along with MAX_REPLICATION_TIME_SETTING, the segment replication backpressure mechanism is initiated. Default is 4 checkpoints.
MAX_ALLOWED_STALE_SHARDS Floating point The maximum number of stale replica shards that can exist in a replication group. Once MAX_ALLOWED_STALE_SHARDS is breached, the segment replication backpressure mechanism is initiated. Default is .5, which is 50% of a replication group.

Path and HTTP methods

You can use the segment replication API endpoint to retrieve segment replication backpressure metrics as follows:

GET _cat/segment_replication

Example response

shardId       target_node    target_host   checkpoints_behind bytes_behind   current_lag   last_completed_lag   rejected_requests
[index-1][0]     runTask-1              0              0b           0s              7ms                    0

The checkpoints_behind and current_lag metrics are taken into consideration when initiating segment replication backpressure. They are checked against MAX_INDEXING_CHECKPOINTS and MAX_REPLICATION_TIME_SETTING, respectively.

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